Acb

Name: Acb

Uses For Acb

Barium sulfate is used to help diagnose or find problems in the esophagus, stomach, and bowels. It is a radiographic contrast agent. Contrast agents are used to create a clear picture of the different parts of the body.

This medicine is to be given only by or under the direct supervision of a doctor.

Before Using Acb

In deciding to use a diagnostic test, any risks of the test must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. Also, other things may affect test results. For this test, the following should be considered:

Allergies

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Pediatric

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated pediatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of barium sulfate oral suspension in children 12 years of age and older. However, safety and efficacy of this medicine have not been established in children younger than 12 years of age.

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated pediatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of barium sulfate oral paste in children 6 months of age and older. However, safety and efficacy of this medicine have not been established in children younger than 6 months of age.

Geriatric

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of barium sulfate oral suspension or paste in the elderly. However, elderly patients are more likely to have kidney, liver, or heart problems, which may require caution and an adjustment in the dose for patients receiving this medicine.

Interactions with Medicines

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. Tell your healthcare professional if you are taking any other prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicine.

Interactions with Food/Tobacco/Alcohol

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other Medical Problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this diagnostic test. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Allergy to other contrast agents, recent or
  • Asthma, hay fever, or other allergies, history of—May increase risk for allergic reaction to occur again.
  • Appendicitis (inflammation of the appendix) or
  • Cancer or
  • Inflammatory bowel disease or
  • Stomach or bowel problems (eg, diverticulitis, fistula, stenosis, ulcer)—May cause barium to leak in the stomach in patients with these conditions.
  • Cystic fibrosis or
  • Dehydration or
  • Electrolyte imbalance or
  • Stomach or bowel problems (eg, Hirschsprung disease, severe stenosis)—May increase risk for more serious side effects.
  • Fructose intolerance (genetic disease), history of—The oral suspension contains sorbitol, which can make this condition worse.
  • Radiation treatment on the pelvis (hip area), recent or
  • Stomach or bowel blockage, known or suspected or
  • Stomach or bowel perforation, known or suspected or
  • Stomach or bowel problems (eg, bleeding, injury, ischemia, severe ileus, toxic megacolon) or
  • Stomach or bowel surgery or
  • Trouble swallowing—Should not be used in patients with these conditions.

Acb Side Effects

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor or nurse immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

Rare
  • Bloating
  • constipation (severe, continuing)
  • cramping (severe)
  • nausea or vomiting
  • stomach pain
  • tightness in the chest
  • troubled breathing
Incidence not known
  • Anxiety
  • blood in the stools
  • blood in the urine
  • blurred vision
  • bruising
  • chest pain
  • confusion
  • cough
  • coughing or vomiting blood
  • dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up suddenly from a lying or sitting position
  • fainting
  • fast heartbeat
  • hives or welts, itching, or skin rash
  • noisy breathing
  • persistent bleeding or oozing from puncture sites, mouth, or nose
  • redness of the skin
  • sudden shortness of breath or troubled breathing
  • sweating
  • unusual tiredness or weakness

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • cramping

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

For the Consumer

Applies to barium sulfate: oral cream, oral liquid, oral paste, oral powder for suspension, oral suspension, oral tablet

Along with its needed effects, barium sulfate may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor or nurse immediately if any of the following side effects occur while taking barium sulfate:

Rare
  • Bloating
  • constipation (severe, continuing)
  • cramping (severe)
  • nausea or vomiting
  • stomach pain
  • tightness in the chest
  • troubled breathing
Incidence not known
  • Anxiety
  • blood in the stools
  • blood in the urine
  • blurred vision
  • bruising
  • chest pain
  • confusion
  • cough
  • coughing or vomiting blood
  • dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up suddenly from a lying or sitting position
  • fainting
  • fast heartbeat
  • hives or welts, itching, or skin rash
  • noisy breathing
  • persistent bleeding or oozing from puncture sites, mouth, or nose
  • redness of the skin
  • sudden shortness of breath or troubled breathing
  • sweating
  • unusual tiredness or weakness

Some side effects of barium sulfate may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • cramping

For Healthcare Professionals

Applies to barium sulfate: compounding powder, oral capsule, oral cream, oral paste, oral powder for reconstitution, oral suspension, oral tablet, oral and rectal powder for reconstitution, oral and rectal suspension, rectal powder for reconstitution, rectal suspension

General

General side effects including severe reactions (approximately 1 in 1,000,000) and fatalities (approximately 1 in 10,000,000) have been reported.[Ref]

Other

Other side effects caused by procedural complications have been rare. Procedural complications have included aspiration pneumonitis, barium impaction, granuloma formation, intravasation, embolization and peritonitis following intestinal perforation, vasovagal and syncopal episodes, and fatalities.[Ref]

Cardiovascular

It is of the utmost importance to be completely prepared to treat any EKG changes.[Ref]

Cardiovascular side effects including EKG changes have been reported following or during barium enema procedures.[Ref]

Gastrointestinal

Gastrointestinal side effects including nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal cramping accompanying the use of barium sulfate formulations have been infrequent and usually mild.[Ref]

Some side effects of barium sulfate may not be reported. Always consult your doctor or healthcare specialist for medical advice. You may also report side effects to the FDA.

Liver Dose Adjustments

Data not available

Dialysis

Data not available

Barium sulfate Breastfeeding Warnings

The manufacturer has reported that barium sulfate is not systemically absorbed. Therefore, barium sulfate products may be used during lactation.

Barium Sulfate Levels and Effects while Breastfeeding

Summary of Use during Lactation

Because barium sulfate is not absorbed after oral or rectal administration, it will not enter the milk, reach the bloodstream of the infant or cause any adverse effects in breastfed infants. No special precautions are required.

Drug Levels

Maternal Levels. Relevant published information was not found as of the revision date.

Infant Levels. Relevant published information was not found as of the revision date.

Effects in Breastfed Infants

Relevant published information was not found as of the revision date.

Effects on Lactation and Breastmilk

Relevant published information was not found as of the revision date.

References

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