Synalar

Name: Synalar

What is fluocinolone topical (capex, flurosyn, synalar, synalar ointment)?

Fluocinolone is a steroid. It reduces the actions of chemicals in the body that cause inflammation, redness, and swelling.

Fluocinolone topical (for the skin) is used to treat the inflammation and itching caused by a number of skin conditions such as allergic reactions, eczema, seborrhea, and psoriasis.

Fluocinolone topical may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What is the most important information I should know about fluocinolone topical?

Do not use this medicine in larger amounts or for longer than recommended. Topical steroid medicine can be absorbed through the skin, which may cause steroid side effects throughout the body.

Do not cover treated skin areas with a bandage or other covering unless your doctor has told you to.

Plastic film covering (such as plastic wrap) is sometimes used when treating psoriasis. Follow your doctor's instructions.

Children can absorb larger amounts of this medication through the skin and may be more likely to have side effects. If you are treating the diaper area of a baby, do not use plastic pants or tight-fitting diapers.

Call your doctor if your symptoms do not improve, if they get worse, or if you develop signs of a skin infection.

How should I use fluocinolone topical?

Follow all directions on your prescription label. Do not use this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. Topical steroid medicine can be absorbed through the skin, which may cause steroid side effects throughout the body.

Do not cover treated skin areas with a bandage or other covering unless your doctor has told you to. If you are treating the diaper area of a baby, do not use plastic pants or tight-fitting diapers.

Covering the skin that is treated with fluocinolone topical can increase the amount of medicine your skin absorbs, which may lead to unwanted side effects. However, plastic film covering (such as plastic wrap or a shower cap) is sometimes used when treating psoriasis. Follow your doctor's instructions.

Wash your hands before and after using fluocinolone topical, unless you are using the medication to treat the skin on your hands.

Apply a small amount of the medicine to the affected area and rub it gently into the skin. Do not use this medication over a large area of skin.

If you are using the shampoo form of this medication, apply a small amount (1 ounce or less) to wet hair and work into a lather. Leave the shampoo on the scalp for 5 minutes and then rinse thoroughly.

Call your doctor if your symptoms do not improve, if they get worse, or if you develop signs of a skin infection.

If you use this medication long-term, you may need frequent medical tests at your doctor's office.

Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Keep the bottle tightly closed when not in use.

What is Synalar?

Synalar (fluocinolone) is a corticosteroid. It reduces the actions of chemicals in the body that cause inflammation.

Synalar is used to treat the inflammation and itching caused by a number of skin conditions such as allergic reactions, eczema, seborrhea, and psoriasis.

Synalar may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What happens if I overdose?

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

An overdose of Synalar is not expected to produce life threatening symptoms. However, long term use of high steroid doses can lead to symptoms such as thinning skin, easy bruising, changes in the shape or location of body fat (especially in your face, neck, back, and waist), increased acne or facial hair, menstrual problems, impotence, or loss of interest in sex.

For Healthcare Professionals

Applies to fluocinolone topical: compounding powder, topical cream, topical kit, topical lotion, topical oil, topical ointment, topical shampoo, topical solution

General

The most commonly reported side effects were erythema, itching, irritation, and burning.[Ref]

Endocrine

Frequency not reported: Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis suppression, Cushing's syndrome[Ref]

Immunologic

Common (1% to 10%): Facial herpes simplex, abscess, molluscum[Ref]

Local

Common (1% to 10%): Telangiectasia, erythema, itching, irritation, burning, hypopigmentation, hyperpigmentation, shiny skin, folliculitis, acneiform eruptions[Ref]

Nervous system

Frequency not reported: Intracranial hypertension (including bulging fontanelles, headaches, bilateral papilledema)

Dermatologic

Common (1% to 10%): Secondary atopic dermatitis, papules and pustules, keratosis pilaris, eczema, rash
Frequency not reported: Hypertrichosis, maceration of the skin, dermatitis, perioral dermatitis, acne or worsening of acne, acne rosacea[Ref]

Metabolic

Frequency not reported: Hyperglycemia, glucosuria[Ref]

Some side effects of Synalar may not be reported. Always consult your doctor or healthcare specialist for medical advice. You may also report side effects to the FDA.

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